The author's last name and the work's date of publication must always appear & are all that is necessary when citing an idea, an entire book, article or other work.
Example: (Smith, 2009)
The page number appears only if it is a direct quotation.
Example: (Smith, 2009, p. 195)
Paraphrasing a Source:
You may summarize or paraphrase the original words, thought, or idea but credit must be given to the source.
If you include the author's name(s) in the sentence, only the year is needed in the parenthetical reference.
In citing information from a work by two authors include both author's last names in either the signal phrase or parenthetical reference.
More Than Three Authors:
If there are more than 3 authors, provide the first author's last name followed by et al. and the year of publication.
When you incorporate a direct quotation into a sentence, you must cite the author's last name, the year of publication, and the page number. Fit quotations within your sentences:
If the quote you are using is longer than 40 words set it off from your text with a free standing block. No quotation marks needed.